Black eye

Fact Checked

A black eye is likely to occur if a child was struck in the eye or bumps into a hard surface. A black eye can be treated at home using an ice pack but it is ideal to bring the child to a doctor so that further assessment can be carried out.

What are the possible causes?

The usual cause of a black eye is sustaining a direct blow to the eye or nose. Take note that this can occur if the child bumps into something or struck by a moving object such as a ball.

This can damage the sensitive tissues surrounding the eye and result to bleeding beneath the skin that causes evident swelling and bruising.

What are the indications?

  • Pain
    Black eye

    The usual cause of a black eye is sustaining a direct blow to the eye or nose.

  • Swelling
  • Bruising

The skin initially appears reddish and then turns purplish, yellow, green or black.

When to consult a doctor

It is vital to seek medical care right away if the following are present:

  • Child complains of double or blurry vision
  • Difficulty seeing
  • Could not move the eye or move it in different directions
  • There is swelling or redness in the white part of the eyes
  • Both eyes are blackened, particularly if the child sustained a blow to the head
  • There are cuts around the eye or you suspect that something penetrated the eyeball

Other factors that warrants medical attention include the following:

  • The eye appears strange
  • Child experiences a headache, nausea or vomiting
  • Child has bleeding or drainage of clear fluid from the ears or nose
  • Drowsiness or behaving in an unusual manner

Management

If the child has a black eye, apply an ice pack over the affected eye for 10-20 minutes every 2 hours during the initial 24 hours to reduce the swelling.

The individual should sleep on a few pillows or cushions to minimize the swelling around the eyes. This can take 1-2 weeks for the swelling and bruising to completely subside.

More Information / Disclaimer

The information posted on this page on black eye is for learning purposes only. Learn to recognize and manage internal bleeding from a black and how to perform proper wound care by taking a standard first aid course with one of our training centers.

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At St Mark James Training we work hard to ensure accurate and useful information on our blog website. However, the information that we post on our website is purely for educational purposes and should not be used as diagnosis or treatment. If you need medical advise please contact a medical professional

  • All stmarkjamestraining.ca content is reviewed by a medical professional and / sourced to ensure as much factual accuracy as possible.

  • We have strict sourcing guidelines and only link to reputable websites, academic research institutions and medical articles.

  • If you feel that any of our content is inaccurate, out-of-date, or otherwise questionable, please contact us through our contact us page.