It is a known fact that allergies are considered as common conditions that affects many individuals at some point in their lives. An allergic reaction is the overreaction of the immune system to a particular substance or particle. An allergy to paint can occur by the inhalation of strong vapors or contact with the skin. Those who have allergies can observe preventive and therapeutic measures to properly manage an allergy to paint.
Allergens are basically foreign substances that trigger an immune response in the body which is known as an allergy, but not all. Dust, pollen, mold and animal dander are the usual allergens. Many individuals also develop allergies to certain drugs, foods and chemicals. If an individual is prone to severe food allergies, he/she must be careful with the ingredients present in the foods eaten. Always bear in mind that allergic reactions typically include coughing, runny nose, sneezing, rash, hives and itchy skin. As for a severe reaction, it can be deadly since the swelling that occurs can block the air supply of the individual.
Vapor from paint
All paint products produce vapors that create chemical odors in the air but also trigger an allergic response in some individuals. Runny nose, coughing, congestion and sore throat are usual reactions upon exposure to paint vapor. Paints that are oil-based usually have several volatile organic compounds that are considered as well-known allergies but even water-based paints can cause similar reactions.
Direct contact with paint
Aside from inhalation, direct physical contact with paint has been a common route of exposure to the allergen. Individuals who suffer from reactions by touching an object with paint often develop contact dermatitis which is a localized skin irritation that exhibits rash, itchiness and blistering. Burning sensation and swelling can also occur in some cases. An effective method to minimize the skin reaction to paint is to wear proper clothing and protective gear such as gloves and goggles.
Considerations to bear in mind
Many paint manufacturers continue to create products that allergic individuals can use without triggering an allergic reaction. When an individual has no choice but to use the non-hypoallergenic variants of paint, certain precautionary measures must be observed. Using a mask will minimize the inhalation of the paint fumes during a painting job while long pants and clothes with long sleeves can prevent the skin from being exposed to the paint.
The areas being painted must be sealed off and open the windows to promote good ventilation. In case an individual starts to experience an allergic reaction to paint, the individual should be moved to an area with fresh air. Additionally, you have to rinse the irritated eyes or skin using water and apply a cool compress if swelling develops.
Being prepared to handle an allergic reaction is vital. This is why it is important to make the right choice by enrolling in a first aid class today so that you know what to do in case an individual experiences a reaction to paint.