Eczema is a form of skin condition that affects many individuals all over the world. Scalp eczema is also known as seborrheic dermatitis and characterized by itchiness, redness, irritation, flaky dandruff and scaly dry patches.
Severe cases of scalp eczema that causes pain from the lesions and sores as well as pus-filled spots due to secondary infections caused by scratching can be principal complaints. It is important to note that there are various types of medications available in the market that can be utilized to effectively manage scalp eczema such as medicated shampoos and corticosteroids.
Topical corticosteroids are utilized to manage scalp eczema. These medications are readily available in varying strengths from low to high potency. The commonly used hydrocortisone creams as well as ointments are utilized for minor irritation of the scalp and rashes. These are readily available over-the-counter in drugs stores and pharmacies.
These medications are available as 0.5 or 1 percent strength. The mid-potency and high potency topical steroids are available only as prescription medications. Flurandrenolide and bethamethasone dipropionate are available in lotion and cream forms. In severe cases of scalp eczema, clobetasol propionate is prescribed for a short-term basis for only 2 weeks.
There are non-steroid immunosuppressant drugs that are utilized in managing scalp eczema – pimecrolimus and tacrolimus. These have been approved for use in managing mild to severe cases of the condition. These belong to a group of calcineurin inhibitors that work by disrupting and inhibiting the natural inflammation of the body. Reducing the potential for detrimental side effects and complications from prolonged use of steroids is considered as a positive benefit for prescribing these medications in managing scalp eczema.
Systemic corticosteroid medications
The systemic corticosteroids are given orally or injected. Take note that these medications have immediate effects once they enter the bloodstream and only given for severe cases of scalp eczema where indications of secondary infections and open rash sores are present.
The typical medications include hydrocortisone, prednisone, prednisolone and methylprednisolone. When using systemic steroids, the risk for potential side effects and long-term complications can be minimized by strict guidance by a doctor.
Medicated lotions and shampoos
The commercial medicated shampoos or lotions that are readily available over-the-counter can be utilized to manage mild cases of scalp eczema. The shampoos include a variety of active ingredients such as salicylic acid or tar. Zinc, selenium, ciclopirox or ketoconazole shampoos are highly effective medications in managing the condition. It is recommended to wash the scalp and hair on a daily basis using medication shampoos can help minimize the irritation and itchiness.
Once an individual notices the signs and symptoms of scalp eczema, there are various ways to properly manage the condition.